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The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan in Reducing Falls in Elderly People at Risk : Systematic review

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The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan in Reducing Falls in Elderly People at Risk : Systematic review

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Samenvatting

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC), Yang-style, on fall incident rates in elderly at risk. Method: A systematic review was carried out according to the Cochrane standards. An extensive search for relevant literature was conducted in PubMed, Pedro and additional reference tracking from potentially relevant papers. Studies were selected if they were randomised control trials; the studypopulation was ≥ 65 years and at risk of falling; one of the interventions was TCC Yang-style and falls were the primary measurement outcome. The search identified 36 abstracts and a total of five studies met the inclusion criteria. In two of these studies the population was not exclusively at risk of falling of which one TCC was supplemented with another intervention. Result: All of the studies were of higher methodological quality. Three studies, which included a community-dwelling elderly population, showed a significant reduction in fall occurrence in favour for the TCC intervention. The study involving participants from long-term care centers and the study involving participants from congregate living facilities showed no statistically significant differences between groups. Conclusion: TCC seems to have a positive effect on fall reduction in community-dwelling elderly but not in residents of long-term care or congregate living facilities.

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OrganisatieHogeschool van Amsterdam
InstituutGezondheid
Gepubliceerd in
Jaar2008
TypeBachelorscriptie
TaalEngels

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