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The Effect of Maturation on the Risk of ACL Injuries in Female Athletes : A Review of Scientific Literature

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The Effect of Maturation on the Risk of ACL Injuries in Female Athletes : A Review of Scientific Literature

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Samenvatting

The increasing number of women participating in sport activities and in competitive athletics is the cause of a rising interest on finding answers for the high injury rates presented in the female athlete population. “Epidemiologic researches has demonstrate that female athletes have a 4- to 6- fold risk of ACL injury compared with their male counterpart playing at similar levels in the same sport” (Myer et al. 2004). This large difference has been revealed in several comparable sports e.g. soccer, basketball, hockey and lacrosse, and also in nonathletic populations of similarly trained backgrounds. Neuromuscular control differences are believed to partially explain these discrepancies between genders. The discrepancy between ACL injury rates in pre puberty and post puberty athletes has been suggested in many scientific studies too, but consensus of the specific causing factors is still missing. Our purpose with this systematic review is to present the latest outcomes found in scientific literature concerning changes in the female athlete occuring during maturation with the focus on differences in muscular activity around the knee joint, in female athletes before and after puberty, which may be related with their highest risk of ACL injury when reaching adolescence.

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OrganisatieHogeschool van Amsterdam
InstituutGezondheid
Gepubliceerd in
Jaar2008
TypeBachelorscriptie
TaalEngels

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