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The difference in introduction of allergens in infants, from 0-12 months, between various ethnic groups in the Netherlands

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The difference in introduction of allergens in infants, from 0-12 months, between various ethnic groups in the Netherlands

Rechten:

Samenvatting

Backgrounds: Little is known about the development of allergies between different ethnicities. It might be useful to know if there are differences in introduction of complementary feeding within different ethnic backgrounds, whereas the timing of introduction of solids may affect the risk of developing an allergy. Aims: To explore whether there are differences in introduction of allergens (gluten, cow’s milk, hen’s egg, soy, peanuts and tree nuts) between the Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch infants in Rotterdam. Methods: This study was embedded in the Generation R study, a population based prospective cohort study, from foetal life until young adulthood. At the child’s age of 6 and 12 months, breastfeeding duration was assessed, and 7558 parents were asked at what age they had introduced the following products in the infant’s diet for the first time: milk, yoghurt, porridge, egg, bread or biscuits, peanuts, nuts and soy products. The introduction of these food products were cross checked with a short food-frequency questionnaire at the age of 6 and 12 months consisting of food-products frequently consumed according to a Dutch food consumption survey in infants. Results: The majority of each group was in accordance with the recommendations according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). However Moroccan and Turkish infants had a higher percentage in introducing peanuts, hen’s egg and gluten before 6 months of life compared to Dutch infants (p <0.01). Moroccan infants had an earlier introduction of peanuts (9.1%), hen’s egg (21.5%) and gluten (54.7%) before 6 months of life compared to Dutch infants who were introduced to peanuts (1.7%), hen’s egg (8.0%) and gluten (39.3%). Also Turkish infants had a higher introduction of peanuts (7.9%), hen’s egg (32.4%) and gluten (65.7%) before 6 months of life. Conclusion: There is a difference in introducing allergens between different ethnicities. More Moroccan and Turkish infants younger than 6 months were introduced to gluten, peanuts and hen’s egg, compared to Dutch infants which is not in accordance with WHO recommendations. It might be useful to give information about products containing allergens (hen’s egg, peanuts and gluten) specific for these groups.

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OrganisatieHogeschool van Amsterdam
InstituutBewegen, Sport en Voeding
Gepubliceerd in
Jaar2010
TypeBachelorscriptie
TaalEngels

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