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A novel structured plastic substrate for light confinement in thin film silicon solar cells by a geometric optical effect

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A novel structured plastic substrate for light confinement in thin film silicon solar cells by a geometric optical effect

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Samenvatting

We present a novel method to achieve light trapping in thin film silicon solar cells. Unlike the commonly used surface textures, such as Asahi U-type TCO, that rely on light scattering phenomena, we employ embossed periodically arranged micro-pyramidal structures with feature sizes much larger than the wavelength of visible light. Angular resolved transmission of light through these substrates indeed showed diffraction patterns, unlike in the case of Asahi U-type substrates, which show angular resolved scattering. Single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) solar cells made at 125 °C on the embossed structured polycarbonate (PC) substrates showed an increase in current density by 24% compared to a similar solar cell on a flat substrate. The band gap and thickness of the i-layer made by VHF PECVD are 1.9 eV and 270 nm respectively. A double p-layer (nc-Si:H/a-Si:H) was used to make proper contact with ZnO:Al TCO.

Numerical modeling, called DokterDEP was performed to fit the dark and light current–voltage parameters and understand the characteristics of the cell. The output parameters from the modeling suggest that the cells have excellent built-in potential (Vbi). However, a rather high recombination voltage, Vμ, affects the FF and short circuit current density (Jsc) for the cells on Asahi as well as for the cells on PC. A rather high parallel resistance ≫ 1 MΩ cm2 (obtained from the modeling) infers that there is no significant shunt leakage, which is often observed for solar cells made at low temperatures on rough substrates. An efficiency of more than 6% for a cell on PC shows enormous potential of this type of light trapping structures.

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OrganisatieHogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen
InstituutKenniscentrum Technologie en Samenleving
LectoraatDuurzame Energie
Gepubliceerd inJournal of Non−Crystalline Solids Elsevier, Amsterdam, Vol. 17, Uitgave: 358, Pagina's: 2308-2312
Jaar2012
TypeArtikel
ISSN0022-3093
TaalEngels

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