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Creating circular, efficient and symbiotic cities

And how higher education should contribute to create the solutions that are required

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Creating circular, efficient and symbiotic cities

And how higher education should contribute to create the solutions that are required

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Samenvatting

The ‘Grand Challenges’ of our times, like climate change, resource depletion, global inequity, and the destruction of wildlife and biodiversity can only be addressed by innovating cities.

Despite the options of tele-working, tele-trading and tele-amusing, that allow people to participate in ever more activities, wherever they are, people are resettling in cities at an unprecedented speed. The forecasted ‘rurification’ of society did not occur. Technological development has drained rural society from its main source of income, agriculture, as only a marginal fraction of the labour force is employed in agriculture in the rich parts of the world. Moreover, technological innovation created new jobs in the IT and service sectors in cities.

Cities are potentially far more resource efficient than rural areas. In a city transport distances are shorter, infrastructures can be applied to provide for essential services in a more efficient way and symbiosis might be developed between various infrastructures.

However, in practice, urban infrastructures are not more efficient than rural infrastructures. This paper explores the reasons why. It digs into the reasons why the symbiotic options that are available in cities are not (sufficiently) utilised. The main reason for this is not of an economic nature: Infrastructure organisations are run by experts who are part of a strong paradigmatic community. Dependence on other organisations is regarded as limiting the infrastructure organisation’s freedom of action to achieve its own goals. Expert cultures are transferred in education, professional associations, and institutional arrangements.

By 3 concrete examples of urban systems, the paper will analyse how various paradigms of experts co-evolved with evolving systems. The paper reflects on recent studies that identified professional education as the initiation into such expert paradigms. It will thereby relate lack of urban innovation to the monodisciplinary education of experts and the strong institutionalised character of expertise.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63007-6_43

LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/karelmulder/

Toon meer
OrganisatieDe Haagse Hogeschool
LectoraatLectoraat Stedelijk Metabolisme
Gepubliceerd inLeal Filho W. (eds) Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research. World Sustainability Series Springer , Cham, Pagina's: 699-710
Datum2017-10-04
TypeBoekdeel
ISBN978-3-319-63006-9
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-63007-6_43
TaalEngels

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