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High diversity in SCCmec elements among multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus strains originating from paediatric patients; characterization of a new composite island

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High diversity in SCCmec elements among multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus strains originating from paediatric patients; characterization of a new composite island

Rechten:

Samenvatting

Purpose. Staphylococcus haemolyticus has emerged as a highly antimicrobial-resistant healthcare-associated pathogen, in particular for patients admitted to neonatal intensive care. The objective of this study was to study the nature of SCCmec types among MDR-SH strains isolated from paediatric patients.
Methodology. S. haemolyticus strains (n=60) were isolated from paediatric patients. Antibiotic resistance patterns were established using the disk agar diffusion and micro-broth dilution methods. SCCmec typing was performed using whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and an additional PCR analysis.
Results. All S. haemolyticus isolates demonstrated multidrug resistance. Using WGS, various novel mec types and combinations of SCCmec types were found, including a new composite island [SCCmec type V (Vd)+SCC cad/ars/cop] comprising 30 % of the strains. SCCmec type V was identified in 23 % of the isolates. A combination of the mecA gene enclosed by two copies of IS431 and absence of the mecRI and ccr genes was identified in 11 strains. In total, mecA regulatory genes were absent in all SH isolates used in this study.
Conclusion. A high diversity of SCCmec elements with the prevalence of a new composite island was determined among MRSH strains. The structure of the composite island represented by MDR-SH strains in this study, in combination with the presence of a restriction-modification system type III, is described for the first time in this study. The presence of an 8 bp direct repeat (DR) and the sequences flanking the DR may support the integration of the mecA gene complex as a composite transposon (IS431-mecA-IS431) independently from recombinase genes.

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OrganisatieHogeschool Leiden
AfdelingFaculteit Techniek
LectoraatInnovatieve Moleculaire Diagnostiek
Gepubliceerd inJournal of medical microbiology Vol. 67, Uitgave: 7, Pagina's: 915-921
Datum2018-07-01
TypeArtikel
TaalEngels

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