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Preliminary study of the Kouga River catchment

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Preliminary study of the Kouga River catchment

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Samenvatting

Living Lands has been working primarily in the western Baviaanskloof in an intensive way with farmers and landowners through PRESENCE in the Baviaanskloof. It is their ambition to expand the PRESENCE programme to the Kouga River catchment by creating new partnerships and projects in that area. This internship will be a start for meeting that ambition.

To get answers for the research questions the approach of interviewing farmers was chosen, because that would provide the best practical information on the various topics from different sources. This way, the extensive knowledge a farmer has for his lands or geographical area could be accessed. It was also important to introduce the farmers to Living Lands and the PRESENCE network, as a first step towards creating new opportunities for cooperation.

The main outcomes of the interviews are:
Land use
- Less than 25% of the total land a farmer owns is being used for crops.
- Main produce is fruit, primarily apples and other deciduous fruit.
- Some livestock is farmed in the area, but usually with relatively small numbers and not for commercial purposes.

Irrigation
- Average irrigation water use is 5461 m3/ha/year.
- Nearly all orchard surface areas are irrigated primarily with micro sprinklers and to a lesser extent with drip irrigation.
- Farm dams are the main source of irrigation water.

Alien invasive species
- Alien invasive species (AIS) are an issue according to all interviewed farmers.
- Some farmers are able to control the problem causing AIS.
- The problems that the alien invasive species cause are:
1. They use much more water than indigenous species.
2. It is harder to expand crops and orchards over AIS than over the indigenous vegetation.
3. Some AIS inhibit flow of water in streams.

Nature
- Overgrazing is generally not a problem due to low numbers of livestock.
- Some nature conservation issues exist due to alien invasive species.
- Low usage possibilities of land make farmers admissible to initiatives for nature conservation.

Toon meer
OrganisatieHZ University of Applied Sciences
OpleidingWatermanagement/ Aquatische Ecotechnologie
InstituutDelta Academy
PartnersPresence Learning Village at the Kouga Dam, Eastern Cape, South Africa
Gepubliceerd in
Datum2011-08-29
TypeBachelorscriptie
TaalEngels

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