This article examines the legal status of armed forces present in friendly foreign
territory with a special focus on criminal jurisdiction. Traditionally, this issue
has been considered from the perspective of public international law in which
immunities play an important role. However, this perspective does not fully cover
the criminal jurisdiction provisions in the international agreements dealing with
the status of visiting forces (Status of Forces Agreements). This article introduces
military operational law as an additional perspective to better understand this
specific approach of Status of Forces Agreements.