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Do activity monitors increase physical activity in adults with overweight or obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Do activity monitors increase physical activity in adults with overweight or obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Samenvatting

Objective: To systematically assess contemporary knowledge regarding behavioral physical activity interventions including an activity monitor (BPAI+) in adults with overweight or obesity. Methods: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, CENTRAL and PEDro were searched for eligible full text articles up to July 1st 2015. Studies eligible for inclusion were (randomized) controlled trials describing physical activity outcomes in adults with overweight or obesity. Methodological quality was independently assessed employing the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for risk of bias. PROSPERO registration: CRD42015024086. Results: Fourteen studies (1157 participants) were included for systematic review and eleven for meta-analysis. A positive trend in BPAI+ effects on several measures of physical activity was ascertained compared to both waitlist or usual care (WL/UC) and behavioral physical activity interventions without an activity monitor (BPAI-). No convincing evidence of BPAI+ effectiveness on weight loss was found compared to BPAI-. Conclusions: Behavioral physical activity interventions with an activity monitor increase physical activity in adults with overweight or obesity. Also, adding an activity monitor to behavioral physical activity interventions appears to increase the effect on physical activity, although current evidence has not yet provided conclusive evidence for its effectiveness.

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OrganisatieHanzehogeschool Groningen
AfdelingQuantified Self Institute
LectoraatHealthy Ageing, Allied Health Care and Nursing
Gepubliceerd inSupporting Health by Technology VII 2016 Groningen, Netherlands, NLD, Uitgave: 7th
Jaar2016
TypeConference item not in proceedings
TaalEngels

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