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The Classification of Armed Conflicts by International Criminal Courts and Tribunals

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The Classification of Armed Conflicts by International Criminal Courts and Tribunals

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Samenvatting

This article analyses how international criminal courts and tribunals have pronounced on the contextual elements of their respective war crimes provisions. A comprehensive overview of the way these institutions treated the material scope of application of ihl shows that the ad hoc tribunals tended to avoid classification as either international or non-international armed conflict​, and merely found that a generic ‘armed conflict’ existed at the relevant​ time. The icc shows a tendency to classify situations as non-international armed conflicts without considering whether the situation concerned may instead (or at the same time) qualify as an international armed conflict. Non-international​ armed conflict is often, mistakenly, treated as a residual regime. Incorrect conflict classification may​ affect ihl’s scope of application, and negatively impact on an accused’s fair trial​ rights under international criminal law. The author proposes a fresh look at the​ icc’s legal framework to solve conflict classification​ problems.

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OrganisatieNederlandse Defensie Academie
AfdelingFaculteit Militaire Wetenschappen
LectoraatKrijgswetenschappen
Gepubliceerd inInternational Criminal Law Review Brill, Vol. 20, Uitgave: 4, Pagina's: 595-668
Datum2020-08-07
TypeArtikel
TaalEngels

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