In this article the authors will describe how certain non-traditional means and methods could be used to undermine a military’s capacity to respond effectively to an emerging threat. They will do so by focussing on the Netherlands and showing how some of its specific (non-military) vulnerabilities may be targeted by
opponents using non-traditional means in an indirect manner. They will structure the sequence of events along an artificial 30-day period leading up to ‘D-day’. Starting at D minus 30 (D-30), we have divided our actions into a preparation phase, a shaping phase, and an intensification phase. At each step we will discuss
the means or methods used, the specific vulnerabilities exploited, and the likely consequences. They will show how the use of non-traditional means can be highly effective in disrupting a regular opponent and may
fundamentally alter traditional operational rationale.