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The envelope of passive knee joint motion

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The envelope of passive knee joint motion

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Samenvatting

The purpose of this study is to create an accurate experimental database for the passive (in vitro)freedom-of-motion characteristics of the human knee joint on a subject to subject basis, suitable for the verification and enhancement of mathematical knee-joint models. Knee-joint specimens in a six degree-of-freedom motion rig are moved through flexion under several combinations of external loads, including tibial torques, axial forces and AP-forces. Euler rotation angles and translation vectors, describing the relative, spatial motions of the joint are measured using an accurate Roentgen Stereo Photogrammetric system.
Conceptually the joint is considered as a two degrees-of-freedom of motion mechanism (flexion-tibial rotation), whereby the limits of internal and external tibial rotation are defined at torques of ± 3 Nm. The motion pathways along these limits are denned as the envelopes of passive knee joint motion. It is found that
these envelope pathways are consistent and hardly influenced by additional axial forces up to 300 N and AP-forces
of 30 N. Within the envelope of motion, however, the motion patterns are highly susceptible to small changes in the external load configuration. It is shown that the external tibial rotation during extension ('screw-home mechanism') is not an obligatory effect of the passive joint characteristics, but a direct result of the external loads.
Anatomical differences notwithstanding, the inter-individual discrepancies in the motion patterns of the four specimens tested, showed to be relatively small in a qualitative sense. Quantitative differences can be explained by small differences in the alignment of the coordinate systems relative to the joint anatomy and by
differences in rotatory laxity.

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OrganisatieFontys Hogescholen
Gepubliceerd inJournal Biomechanics Pergamon Press, Vol. 21, Uitgave: 9, Pagina's: 705-720
Jaar1991
TypeArtikel
TaalEngels

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