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How to deal with the German menace? West German rearmament, proposals for a common European army, and the Dutch and West German response, 1949-1945

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

How to deal with the German menace? West German rearmament, proposals for a common European army, and the Dutch and West German response, 1949-1945

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Samenvatting

At the end of the 1940s and the early 1950s, the question whether or not to rearm West Germany was a fiercely and hotly debated topic in Europe. The Americans suggested doing this by integrating the Federal Republic in NATO. However, many Europeans feared the resurgence of German militarism. Nowhere was this more true than in France. Therefore, the French Foreign Minister René Pleven launched the so-called Pleven Plan, designed to allow West German units to be established, but only in small units. That way, Europe could profit from West Germany’s manpower, without the country becoming a military threat. Discussions on the European Defence Community were tough, but in the end was signed by the six Founding Fathers. The Dutch did so reluctantly, especially because the Americans were left out, favouring security arrangements in NATO and rearming and incorporating West Germany in the Western alliance. To the Netherlands, it was essential to incorporate the
British and especially the Americans in the Western defense; the Dutch always favoured an Atlantic alliance, opposing too much supranationality in the European integration project. The Federal Republic of Germany on the other hand, saw it as an opportunity to regain sovereignty. In the end, the French National Assembly did not ratify the EDC-Treaty, opening the way to rearming West Germany and making it a full member of NATO.

https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=735130

LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/martijn-lak-71793013/

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OrganisatieDe Haagse Hogeschool
AfdelingFaculteit Management & Organisatie
LectoraatLectoraat Changing role of Europe
Gepubliceerd inOnline Journal Modelling the New Europe Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Uitgave: 28/2018, Pagina's: 139-159
Jaar2018
TypeArtikel
DOI10.24193/OJMNE.2018.28.08
TaalEngels

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