This report examines Dutch military personnel’s attitudes toward international cooperation,
while these attitudes were expressed under threatening (during the International
Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in Afghanistan) or nonthreatening circumstances
(in Europe). Findings indicate that concerns about death were significantly
more present in Afghanistan relative to Europe, and in Afghanistan, concerns about
death were found to be negatively correlated with willingness to collaborate internationally.
These findings provide support for terror management processes in vivo, and
have a number of important implications for international policy.