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Perceptual-cognitive skill and the in situ performance of soccer players

Perceptual-cognitive skill and the in situ performance of soccer players

Samenvatting

Many studies have shown that experts possess better perceptual-cognitive skills than novices (e.g., in anticipation, decision making, pattern recall), but it remains unclear whether a relationship exists between performance on those tests of perceptual-cognitive skill and actual on-field performance. In this study, we assessed the in situ performance of skilled soccer players and related the outcomes to measures of anticipation, decision making, and pattern recall. In addition, we examined gaze behaviour when performing the perceptual-cognitive tests to better understand whether the underlying processes were related when those perceptual-cognitive tasks were performed. The results revealed that on-field performance could not be predicted on the basis of performance on the perceptual-cognitive tests. Moreover, there were no strong correlations between the level of performance on the different tests. The analysis of gaze behaviour revealed differences in search rate, fixation duration, fixation order, gaze entropy, and percentage viewing time when performing the test of pattern recall, suggesting that it is driven by different processes to those used for anticipation and decision making. Altogether, the results suggest that the perceptual-cognitive tests may not be as strong determinants of actual performance as may have previously been assumed.

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OrganisatieHogeschool van Amsterdam
Gepubliceerd inQuarterly journal of experimental psychology Taylor and Francis, Vol. 71, Uitgave: 2, Pagina's: 455-470
Jaar2018
TypeArtikel
ISSN1747-0218
DOI10.1080/17470218.2016.1255236
TaalEngels

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