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Smoking cessation in European patients with coronary heart disease. Results from the EUROASPIRE IV survey

a registry from the European Society of Cardiology

Smoking cessation in European patients with coronary heart disease. Results from the EUROASPIRE IV survey

a registry from the European Society of Cardiology

Samenvatting

OBJECTIVE: We investigated smoking cessation rates in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients throughout Europe; current and as compared to earlier EUROASPIRE surveys, and we studied characteristics of successful quitters. METHODS: Analyses were done on 7998 patients from the EUROASPIRE-IV survey admitted for myocardial infarction, unstable angina and coronary revascularisation. Self-reported smoking status was validated by measuring carbon monoxide in exhaled air. RESULTS: Thirty-one percent of the patients reported being a smoker in the month preceding hospital admission for the recruiting event, varying from 15% in centres from Finland to 57% from centres in Cyprus. Smoking rates at the interview were also highly variable, ranging from 7% to 28%. The proportion of successful quitters was relatively low in centres with a low number of pre- event smokers. Overall, successful smoking cessation was associated with increasing age (OR 1.50; 95% CI 1.09-2.06) and higher levels of education (OR 1.38; 95% CI 1.08-1.75). Successful quitters more frequently reported that they had been advised (56% vs. 47%, p 

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OrganisatieHogeschool van Amsterdam
AfdelingKenniscentrum ACHIEVE
Gepubliceerd inInternational journal of cardiology Elsevier, Vol. 258, Uitgave: May, Pagina's: 1-6
Datum2018-05
TypeArtikel
DOI10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.01.064
TaalEngels

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