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Gamification approaches for education and engagement on pro-environmental behaviors: searching for best practices

Gamification approaches for education and engagement on pro-environmental behaviors: searching for best practices

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Education is a key factor to respond to the threat of climate change, increasing not only knowledge but also encouraging changes in attitudes and behaviors to adopt sustainable lifestyles. Scholars and practitioners in the field of education call for innovative ways of engaging youth—a reason why gamification has gained more attention in recent years. This paper aims at exploring the role of gamification in aecting pro-environmental behavioral change and searching for best practices for educational purposes. For that aim, pro-environmental gamification platforms are identified and analyzed by applying two dierent frameworks: the Octalysis Framework and the Climate Change Engagement through Games Framework. After scanning 181 cases, a final sample of six is analyzed and two of them are selected as best practices with higher potential to engage users in pro-environmental behavioral change: SaveOhno and JouleBug. Meaning, ownership, and social influence, as well as achievability, challenge, and credibility, are seen as core elements that can increase the success of gamification platforms. In conclusion, the more attributes are enclosed in the gamification design, the stronger physical and mental connections it builds up with participants. Insights from this study can help educators to select best practices and gamification designers to better influence behavioral change through game mechanics.

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OrganisatieHanzehogeschool Groningen
AfdelingCentre of Expertise Energy
LectoraatCommunication, Behaviour & Sustainable Society
Gepubliceerd inSustainability Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Datum2020-06-03
TypeArtikel
ISSN2071-1050
TaalEngels

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