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Spanish security forces, anti-terrorism and the internal and external security of Spain, 1959-1992

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Spanish security forces, anti-terrorism and the internal and external security of Spain, 1959-1992

Rechten: Alle rechten voorbehouden

Samenvatting

There is a consesus in current literature and among Western European secret services that transnational organized crime, terrorism and human trafficking increased after 1989. These transnational threats make the distinction between internal and external security for European states increasingly difficult to maintain. These threats - especially transnational terrorism - are not new phenomenan. Starting out from the beneficial advice to tackle terrorism on a case-by-case basis, this article analyzes the roles and transformation of the Spanish security forces in counterterrorism against Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) during the years 1959-1992. During these years of transformation from dictatorship to democracy and its subsequent consolidation, the Spanish governments were confronted with an internal security issue with important external security dimensions. From this tentative case study can be concluded that the Spanish governments and security forces became more effective once they comporhensively approached ETA as a transnational organization. The gradual demilitarization of the Spanish security forces formed an integral and important part of this process. This article also emphasizes that a state fighting transnational terrorism needs intensive international cooperation and can play a decisive role in its anti-terrorism policies and programs. Moreove, this study may demonstrate that the merger of internal and external security of Spain and the shifting roles of its security forces occurred in response to transnational terrorism already before 1989.

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OrganisatieNederlandse Defensie Academie
OpleidingFaculteit Militaire Wetenschappen
AfdelingKrijgswetenschappen
Gepubliceerd inNL ARMS Netherlands Annual Review of Military Studies 2016. Organizing for safety and security in military organizations / editors: Robert Beeres, Gwendolyn Bakx, Erik de Waard, Sebastiaan Rietjens T.M.C. Asser Press / Springer, The Hague, Pagina's: 325-349
Jaar2016
TypeBoekdeel
ISBN978-94-6265-134-0
TaalEngels

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