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Understanding the impact of the common agricultural policy on dairy farmers

Understanding the impact of the common agricultural policy on dairy farmers

Samenvatting

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is actually discussed at the European level. The impact of the new CAP will be important for European dairy farmers. Having knowledge into it is important in order to know what farmers are expecting for the future CAP reform. Moreover, the main objective was to understand better the dairy farm development in relation to the CAP. This study first provides information about the different countries and their CAP implantation. Then, the influences which have promoted the changes in dairy farms are defined. After that, this paper is looking at the farmer’s CAP opinion in link with their farm structures, number of cows and hectares. Finally, the expectations of dairy farmers and dairy specialist are presented and discussed. To conduct this study 4 European countries were taken into consideration: Germany, France, Ireland and Sweden. Dairy farmers from the four countries were asked through a survey and specialists were interviewed. This was done in order to answer the main question which was: “Does the EU-subsidies influence dairy farmers?” To answer this main question, sub-questions were defined to help providing an answer to the main question: - How has the way of farming changed over the last years? - What triggered these changes in the dairy farms? - Is there a difference on CAP opinion according to farm structure? - What are the expectations of farmers and dairy consultants for the new CAP 2021-2027? The results suggest that dairy farmers evolved in favour of animal welfare and environment. Moreover, dairy farmers are also concentrated on improving the efficiency of resource used. The personal conviction of dairy farmers was the first reason of changes in dairy farm over the last 10 years. The CAP impact through the cross compliance is not a topic that have a strong influence on dairy farmers, but CAP payments remain important to them. Farmer’s answers suggest that they are willing to improve their practices on animal welfare, environment, climate changes but CAP have to support them to changes. Finally, farmer’s need to be support by all the persons involved in this process, specialists, advisors, associations to make the CAP simpler and to help farmers and the CAP to handle their respective and common challenge.

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OrganisatieAeres Hogeschool
AfdelingDier- en Veehouderij
PartnersAeres University of Applied Sciences Dronten
Datum2020-01-13
TypeBachelor
TaalEngels

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